EM drive solved

EM drive solved

EM drive are tested by NASA and the results show that using microwave frequencies, a pushing force is generated on the apparatus. Some theories states that this force is not explainable with present physics theories. That force is still possible with our theories if we include gravity in its real nature.


To prove that, an experiment was done with a specially designed aluminum box where visible light was sent horizontally inside the box. Any object placed under the box does experiment a loss of weight and any object placed over the box gains weight.

Weight is a force coming from gravity. The most plausible explanation that does not contradict any physics laws is that light going horizontally can and does interfere with gravity that was going vertically, up and down. That explains why an object under  light rays looses weight; the gravitational force coming from above is now smaller than before and the total vertical forces are now the upward force minus the downward force, giving a smaller weight force. To see more results on the testS made, consult GRAVITYFORCES.COM.


The EM drive used by NASA produced the same effect. The light used is in the radar range and was able to block some of the gravitational force. The apparatus was tested in vacuum and did have positive results. We do not need to invent new theories to explain the effect.

images from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RF_resonant_cavity_thruster  and from Google images and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M51c6DrzJU0


Explanations for the em drive:

– image 1 shows the picture of the actual em drive tested at NASA. There was a small force on the apparatus pushing from right to left. That will be explained further.

– image 2 shows a drawing of the  path followed by the microwaves inside the drive.

– image 3 shows the forces from the microwave and the net force on the apparatus itself.

– image 4 shows the direction of microwave forces

To understand the origin of the net force on the apparatus, we have to examine how light behaves between two mirrors. This was tested many times with a point laser light and flat laminar laser beam.

Two front surfaces mirrors were aligned parallel to one another at a distance of 5 cm. A red laser point beam was sent at a small angle in order to bounce many times between the mirrors and to come out at the other end. We wanted to measure a change in weight of 100 g placed over the bouncing ray of red light.


The results were surprising. It was impossible to have the laser light to bounce many times between the mirrors when the angle was small. Instead, the light rays will bounce many times and the angle of reflection was getting smaller at every reflection. After many reflections, the light rays were bouncing at right angle to the mirrors and made a brighter light. Some literature mentioned that many light beams are ‘attracted’ to one another.

Another experiment used two flat mirrors about 30 cm by 30 cm, placed parallel to one another in a wooden box. A flat blue laser light was sent at a small angle in order to have the light bounce until it escape at the top of the mirrors. It never happened. The angle of reflection was getting smaller at every reflection. After many reflections, the light rays were bouncing at right angle to the mirrors and made a brighter light. Even by changing the angle of the back mirror to increase the reflection angle did not change the fact that the light beams were getting closer to one another after many reflections.

Another set of experiments were done where 63000 lumen light was sent horizontally under a 100 g mass. Its weight decreased. When the 100 g mass was located above the light beam,  its weight increased.


When a powerful 80000 lumen light  was sent horizontally only once over a 100 g mass, its weight decreased also.

The same amount of light was forced to bounce between mirrors 15 times and the net result on the 100 g mass located under the light was about 100 times less than with a single light beam.

From all these observations, it really seems that light can change the gravitational forces on an object. Since an attractive force cannot explain all the facts, it seems that gravity is a pushing force coming from all directions of space. When  a light beam hits the gravity at a right angle, it changes slightly the direction of that force. If the change is big, the gravity coming down on a 100 g mass would be less that before and the gravity coming from  under the object would push the 100 g mass upwards as if its weight had decreased. That effect was confirmed by an independent scientist in Prague. Both papers can be seen on Internet. A more detailed description can also be found on GRAVITYFORCES.COM.


 About the em drive now.

Close observation of the apparatus shows many resemblance with our results.

An em wave is sent at right angle inside the cavity. That em wave is a kind of light in lower frequency that visible light. It has the same physical properties as visible light.  The second image tries to show how that light bounces inside the cavity but it was not observed directly. It is theory and probably wrong. If that light behaves like we measured between mirrors, it means that there is a region in the cavity where the light is bouncing back and forth at right angle with the walls. That would probably be in the region with a cylinder form.

If the total mass of the apparatus is considered now, we have a bigger mass where the apparatus expand like a cone and a smaller mass in the cylinder region. Since gravity pushes mass toward the intense light beams, the force on the bigger mass toward the light is bigger than the force of the cylindrical part toward the light. The net force is directed like the thrust arrow in image 3.

That is consistent with all the observations made in our multiple experiments. There is no magic here and it follows normal physics rules.

Gravitational forces on objects:

Gravitational forces on objects:

forces 1


An orange above ground is attracted downward by the mass of the earth ( big green arrow) and upward by all the stars above in space. ( small green arrow).
The net force when they are added gives a force directed down to the ground.

An orange above ground is PUSHED downward (big green arrow pointing down) by all the stars above the orange and also it is PUSHED upward (big green arrow pointing up) by all the stars below.
But some of that upward force is blocked passign through our planet and only a small upward force remains. (small green arrow pointing up)
The net force when they are added gives a force directed down to the ground just like the previous example.

forces 2
Conclusion: The net result is the same for the orange going towards the ground and that means we have to look at this differently to find if gravity is a pushing or an attractive force.

A series of experiments were done that clearly show that gravity is a pushing force.
The results of these experiments also show that an intense light beam can deviate the direction of gravity.

The papers explaining that discoverie can be found here:
Physics Essays 24,4 (2011)
Effect of Light on Gravitational Attraction by Louis Rancourt

Applied Physics Research www.ccsenet.org/apr Vol. 7, No. 4, August 2015 issue.

Further Experiments Demonstrating the Effect of Light on Gravitation
Louis Rancourt, Philip J. Tattersall

A scientist from Prague did a similar experiment not aware that we had already published the results. His findings confim what we found. That is a scientific confirmation of the validity of our results. You can access his findings at:

PHYSICS ESSAYS 30, 2 (2017)
Experimental verification of electromagnetic-gravity effect:
Weighing light and heat
Libor Neumann a)
Brdicˇkova 1910, 155 00 Prague 5 – Luzˇiny, Czech Republic

Here we will give a summary of similar results that can be tried in any secondary school.

forces 3

Two very heavy balls are attached by a wire to the ceiling. Because of the heavy masses, they will start moving and will come closer to one another. If they are at the right distance, they will not touch but almost.
According to attractive force of gravity, the forces that move the masses originate from the 2 balls according to the formula: force = G x mass x mass / distance squared.

G = 6.674 28 (+/- 0.000 67) x 10-11 m3 kg-1 s -2.
A wall is located at the right side of the room and a powerful light beam is sent horizontally. It’s direction is at 90 degrees compare to a line between the 2 balls. The rectangular orange block represents that light.
Because the light is on the other side of the wall it should have no effect on the forces between the 2 balls.
When this is tried, a surprising effect is observed. When the light is activated, the 2 balls start to move away from one another. It seems that the gravitational force between them is getting weaker. There is nothing in present theories that predicted that strange effect. Similar experiments were done for over 1000 hours and the results were all the same. Something was happening that no theory could explain.

If one ball is removed and we wait until the last one stop oscillating, the light is activated on the other side of the wall. The ball starts moving towards the hidden light. Another effect that was not expected. It seems that the light is attracting the ball even if the ball cannot ‘see’ the light.

That effect cannot be explained by attractive gravitational forces but it can be easily explained by a pushing gravitational force.

Here it is:
We know that chinese people on the other side of the globe do not ‘fall’ in space but stay on the ground as we do here. That means there is gravity everywhere in space.

Let us go back to the experiment with one ball and an horizontal beam of light.
Gravity is pushing the ball from every directions, from left to right, from right to left, from up to down, from down to up. The wire prevents movement up and down but permits the ball to move from one side to the other.
Without the light, the forces of gravity are equal from every opposite directions and the net force is zero and the ball stay put.
When the light is activated, the gravity coming from the right side passes through the light beam before going to the ball. Some of that gravity is deflected towards the back of the room and the net result is that the gravity coming from the left side is now stronger than the gravity coming from the right side and that pushes the ball to the right, where the light beam is located. That does not mean that light attracts the ball, It means that light can deviate what causes gravity.
That is a strong proof that gravity is a pushing force, not an attractive force.
That also means that gravity can be partially blocked by light going at right angle compare to gravity.
That also expaling why objects ard pushed downward on earth because gravity from space above is stronger that gravity coming from below because some was deviated by the atoms of our planet.
That also explain why planets orbit the sun. Another document does explain that in more details.

Planets in gravitational well

Planets in gravitational well
The explanations here are based on a pushing theory of gravity. For the proof that gravity is a pushing force that can be blocked, read Gravitational forces on objects.
Far in space, gravitational force coming from one direction is almost cancelled by gravitational force coming in opposite direction. An object in that position continues in strait line because the net force on the object is zero.
Because of all its atoms, the sun blocks some of that gravitational force coming from space around itself. If it was possible to see the density of gravitational force coming from space near the sun, the density close to the sun would be less than far away. In this drawing of a frozen picture of gravity, every black pixel would represent gravity. The sun is represented by the red circle.
Gravity from space is blocked partially by the sun; gravity density is lower close to the sun and increases far from the sun according to distance squared.

soleil 1

graph 1

For example, the above graph shows at a distance of 1E+10 m the intensity measured in special units would be 100 but at a distance of 1E+20 m the intensity would be 400 units.

Gravity coming from all regions of space was first emitted by all the atoms in universe. The sun itself is also an emitter of gravity. That means close to the sun gravitational force from the sun is bigger that in space around. That extends to a certain distance from the sun and density decreases with the square of distance.

soleil emet

graph 2

For example, at a distance of 1E+5 m the intensity measured in special units would be 450 but at a distance of 1E+10 m the intensity would be only 200 units.
At a certain distance from the sun, the density of gravitational force from one side is almost equal to the density of gravitational force coming from the direction of the sun.
That makes a kind of big sphere; the skin of the sphere is where gravitational force is almost equal on each side of a line pointing toward the sun.
That region is the gravitational well. Planets cannot go in strait line because in doing so, they enter a region where the gravitational force from outside is now bigger and they are pushed back towards the sun. When they approach the sun, the same thing happens in opposite: the gravitational force coming from the sun is now bigger and the planet is pushed away, In that manner, the planet goes around the sun and is a satellite.

soleil 2

Region around the sun emitting in all  direction added to what is emitted from  space  causes a different density region. If we add the gravitational force from the sun and from space, we have something similar to that drawing, showing the low density zone of gravitational force all around the sun.

graph 3
The blue line is for the gravity from space that was partially blocked by the sun and the red line is the gravity emitted by the sun. It goes to almost zero at far distance.
Depending on its speed, the planet finds the distance away where the force towards the sun equals its centripetal force. The mass and the speed of the planet will permit to find an equilibrium point and it becomes a satellite to the sun. Planets are situated in a zone from 5.80E+07 m to 6.00E+09 m.
Following the equation (F = Gmm/dd) there is a possibility to have planets between the sun and Mercury. There is no such planet there. This is because of the gravity well described here. A planet closer to the sun would be pushed away by sun radiation of gravity unless its speed was very high and its mass was bigger than Saturn or of the sun itself.
This also explains why most comets do not fall into the sun as they should because of the high pressure of the gravity emitted by the sun at close distance. That emitted gravity does push the comet’s tail away from the sun. Only a direct hit toward the sun will allow something to fall on the sun.

interesting data:

tablo gif

If we add all forces going towards a planet as coming from the sun position to forces from space pushing toward the sun, we have this picture.

graph 4



Blue line = intensity of gravity emitted by the sun
Magenta line = intensity of gravity emitted by the stars blocked partly by the sun
Pale blue line = intensity of gravity coming from all regions of space pushing toward the sun.
Green line = centrifugal forces
Purple line = total forces on a planet: gravity forces plus centrifugal forces
Brown circles = possible position for planets, between 7 and 10.

N.B. The sun is at 0 on vertical axis.
N.B. The units used on vertical y-axis are for comparison of forces toward the sun.
N.B. The distances away from the sun are the exponent value in meters.
Thus 4 on x-axis is 1 x104 meters. 20 is very far, being 1 x1020 meters.
N.B. Note that the planets are situated at a distance between 5.80E10 meters and 6.00 E12 meters, very close to the values of the graph because that is where the centrifugal force is almost equal and opposite to the total forces pushing the planet toward the sun . The planet is forced to go in orbit around the sun.
N.B. This also explains why Pioneer satellite, far away from the sun is slowed down. The force of gravity from space directed toward the sun is becoming much bigger than the gravity emitted by the sun at large distance because the force from the sun is decreasing with the square of the distance. The forces from space do not decrease like that.

Les derniers sub quanta


Les derniers sub quanta

D’où vient cette théorie?

Comme j’enseignais la physique depuis des années, il fallait répondre aux questions des élèves. Il y avait trop de contradictions et d’explications incomplètes dans la physique traditionnelle.

– L’atome n’est pas la plus petite partie de la matière.

– La lumière peut devenir électron, positron, proton. Les atomes peuvent se décomposer et devenir lumière avec la formule mc2=hf.

– La gravité peut agir sur la lumière et la lumière peut agir sur la gravité.

– La lumière et la gravité agissent sur les atomes….

– L’énergie est quoi?

– La masse inertielle vs masse gravitationnelle vs masse simplement ?

Alors j’ai tenté de découvrir quelles seraient les propriétés de base de quelque chose qui serait l’ultime petite entité qui formerait les atomes, la lumière, la gravité et tout ce que nous voyons dans notre univers physique. Anttii était là pour m’aider à rejeter certaines propriétés et me pousser à aller plus loin.

Après des années de cogitation, il ne restait que quatre propriétés associés aux blocs de base de l’univers. Soit:

– cela doit être tellement petit que rien n’est plus petit; sinon cela serait fait de ce qui est encore plus petit. Donc, cela doit avoir une dimension de 0 mètres.

– cela doit aller à la vitesse de la lumière si cela est à la base de la lumière

– cela doit être capable d’interagir ente eux pour former les systèmes complexes que nous avons, comme  l’atome, les étoiles, nous, etc. Donc cela doit avoir une zone d’interaction, probablement de la plus petite dimension, nommée la limite de Planck.( c’est-à-dire environ ‎1.616229×10−35 m). Quand ils interagissent, ils changent de direction et vont toujours à la vitesse de 3×108 m/s.

– comme cela n’est fait de rien d’autre, cela doit être maintenu dans l’existence continuellement; comme cela semble aller à la vitesse de la lumière, cela doit être maintenu en existence juste à côté de sa  position précédente pour que nous ayons l’impression que cela avance à la vitesse c.


Pour les humains qui croit en un être suprême qui est Esprit plutôt que matière, cet Esprit est à l’origine de la matière qu’il maintien en existence continuellement.

Pour les athées, cela est,  tout simplement sans qu’ils soient capables d’expliquer pourquoi et comment.


En lisant sur Internet une grande quantité de théories sur ce qui forme la matière, je fus surpris que d’autres penseurs arrivaient presqu’aux mêmes conclusions que moi. Le plus proche est  Maurizio Michelini (1) avec sa théorie de micro quanta. Il associe une fréquence aux micro quanta de façon à expliquer qu’ils ont de l’énergie. Il utilise la formule énergie = fréquence x longueur d’onde. C’est sur ce point que je ne suis pas d’accord car un quanta ultime qui avance à la vitesse c ne put avoir de fréquence. Une fréquence implique un changement périodique quelconque et je ne vois pas comment un dernier sub quanta pourrait en avoir.


Ces derniers sub quanta, à l’origine de notre univers:

Quand un grand nombre de ces ultimes petits quantas avancent en désordre, sans qu’on détecte une fréquence. cela est nommé ici le champ, un peu différent du champ de Maxwell, car il est réel.

Quand un grand nombre de ces ultimes petits quantas avancent et qu’on détecte une fréquence, cela est nommé ici de la lumière plutôt qu’une onde électro magnétique. Si la fréquence est autour de 1014 hertz, cette lumière est dans la région visible du spectre des fréquences.

Quand un grand nombre de ces ultimes petits quantas avancent en groupe stable, sans être un système,  on nomme cela des neutrinos. Si ces groupes ont une structure interne organisée en système stable, on nomme cela des électrons  et des protons. Les autres groupes sont instables et finissent toujours par se défaire en particules ‘élémentaires’.




Les systèmes plus gros comme les astres et les galaxies sont instables et changent continuellement. Ils sont aussi la source des éléments atomique que nous trouvons sur terre.


Si on pouvait voir ces quantas en un endroit de l’espace loin des étoiles, on verrait quelque chose comme ceci où chaque petit point représente un quanta allant à la vitesse de la lumière. Chaque quanta peut changer de direction s’il rencontre un autre quanta. Ici, on ne voit pas de zone qui manifeste  une fréquence.

On peut voir l’animation ici, sans virus.


Dans l’animation, les vitesse sont réduites pour être visibles. En réalité, il faudrait aussi ajouter des quanta ayant une fréquence et des neutrinos.


(1) A Flux of Micro Quanta Explains Relativistic Mechanics and the Gravitational Interaction Maurizio Michelini








Vélocité inertielle et pesanteur

Vélocité inertielle et pesanteur

 Définition des mots:

 vélocité: C’est la vitesse d’un objet et sa direction par rapport à son environnement. En réalité, dans l’univers, tout est en mouvement par rapport aux étoiles. On dit que leur vélocité est relative, c’est-à-dire que la vitesse et la direction est en relation avec les autres objets de l’univers.

inertie: L’inertie d’un  objet est la résistance que l’objet offre quand on tente de changer sa direction et / ou sa vitesse par rapport au milieu où l’objet est situé.

 objet stationnaire: Une pomme semble stationnaire dans un plateau sur une table. Cela est vrai par rapport à la table mais comme la terre fait un tour complet en 24 heures, la vitesse de la  pomme est complexe. Elle comprend la vitesse de la rotation de la terre, la vitesse de la terre autour du soleil, la vitesse du système solaire qui se déplace dans la galaxie et à la vitesse de la galaxie dans l’univers. On voit que c’est un peu compliqué et on utilise le terme objet stationnaire pour simplifier les interactions ave la pomme.

Vélocité inertielle: La vélocité inertielle signifie qu’un objet comme la pomme sur le plateau est en mouvement dans une direction par rapport à l’univers. Elle semble stationnaire car les forces qui agissent sur la pomme sont équilibrées: les forces de gauches sont égales aux force venant de la droite; les forces de tous les côtés sont égales aux forces venant de la direction opposée. La force de pesanteur causée par la gravité venant d’en haut est égale à la force du plateau vers le haut sur la pomme. Si les forces opposées demeurent égales, la pomme demeure sur la plateau à la même vitesse et dans la même direction.

Pour changer sa vitesse ou sa direction ou encore sa vitesse et sa direction, il faut exercer une force non équilibrés sur la pomme. Cette force agit sur tous les noyaux d’atomes de la pomme. Chaque noyau doit donc se réorganiser plus loin dans la direction que la force pousse. Il faut donc que chaque noyau soit modifié dans sa structure interne. Pour obtenir cela, il faut que les émissions venant de  l’espace autour du noyau soient plus intenses dans une direction. Ces émissions venant à la vitesse de la lumière pénètre le noyau et deviennent une partie du noyau. Cela cause une réorganisation interne du noyau et il se réorganise un peu à côté de sa position originelle. C’est le mouvement du noyau. Il change de position, donc aussi de vitesse par rapport à sa vitesse originelle.

Un bon exemple de l’inertie est le jouet qui agit un peu comme un gyroscope. Quand il tourne très vite, il résiste à un changement de position car pour changer, il faut agir sur tous les noyaux et changer leur vélocité.

La vélocité inertielle est donc la combinaison de la vélocité de l’objet et sa résistance à changer. Une force peut le changer. Si les forces opposées sont égales, il n’y a pas de changement de vélocité inertielle.

Pesanteur: La pesanteur est la mesure de la force vers le bas. La cause de cette force vient de la vélocité de l’objet. Comme les objets sur terre vont vers l’est à un angle sous l’horizontal, cette vélocité est un vecteur. On peut décomposer ce vecteur en une  partie horizontale et l’autre verticale. La partie verticale est la vélocité inertielle vers le bas et cela pousse la balance vers le bas. La balance donne une mesure de cette force et nous la nommons pesanteur.

Pour les objets situé à environ 45 degrés de latitude, l’angle vers le bas n’est que d’environ  0.00075 degrés. Trop petit pour le remarquer au niveau macroscopique. ( niveau humain).

Si un objet n’était plus poussé vers le sol, il s’éloignerait en ligne droite par rapport à l’horizontal et quitterait la terre….

masse 2