Planets in gravitational well

Planets in gravitational well

Far in space, gravitational force coming from one direction is almost cancelled by gravitational force coming in opposite direction. An object in that position continues in strait line because the net force on it is zero.

Because of all its atoms, the sun blocks some of that gravitational force around itself. An object located in that space is pushed towards the sun because gravitational force coming from direction opposite to the sun is bigger now.

 

Untitled 6

Gravity from space is blocked partially by the sun; gravity density is lower close to the sun and increases according to 1/distance squared.

But the sun itself is also an emitter of gravity. That means close to the sun gravitational force is bigger that in space around. That extends to a certain distance from the sun.

 

soleil emet

 

At a certain distance, the density of gravitational force from one side is almost equal to the density of gravitational force coming from the direction of the sun.

That makes a kind of big sphere where gravitational force is almost equal on each side on a line pointing toward the sun. That region or bubble is the gravitational well . Planets cannot go in strait line because in doing so, they enter a region where the gravitational force from outside is now bigger and they are  pushed back towards the sun. When they approach the sun, the same thing happens in opposite: the gravitational force coming from the sun is now bigger and the planet is pushed away, In that manner, the planet goes around the sun and is a satellite.Untitled 8

Region around the sun emitting in all  direction added to what is emitted from  space  causes a different density region.

 If we add the gravitational force from the sun and from space, we have something similar to that drawing, showing the low density of gravitational force all around the sun.

2 courbes dec

The graph shows where the planets are in that ‘well‘; they are all situated in the brown rectangle, at a distance between 5.80E+07 m and 6.00E+09 m.

 In order to show the gravity well,  we must use the log value of the distances. The blue line is for the gravity from space that was partially blocked by the sun and the  red line is the gravity emitted by the sun. It goes to almost zero at far distance.

In this graph, the sun center is at 0 on x-axis.

Xcell sheet for these calculations:

 

distance   sun – planet
planet planet from sun mass kg force in N
Mercury 1 5.80E+07 3.30E+23 1 1.30E+28
Venus 2 1.10E+08 4.87E+24 2 5.34E+28
Earth 3 1.50E+08 5.98E+24 3 3.53E+28
Mars 4 2.30E+08 6.42E+23 4 1.61E+27
Jupiter 5 7.80E+08 5.69E+26 5 1.24E+29
Saturn 6 1.40E+09 5.69E+26 6 3.85E+28
Uranus 7 2.80E+09 8.68E+25 7 1.47E+27
Neptune 8 4.50E+09 1.02E+26 8 6.69E+26
Pluto 9 6.00E+09

 

  in log in log
distance   sending blocking
10 1 1.0000 9.7782
1.00E+02 2 2.0000 9.6532
1.00E+03 3 3.0000 9.4472
1.00E+04 4 4.0000 9.1461
1.00E+05 5 5.0000 8.8921
1.00E+06 6 6.0000 8.3617
Mercury 1.00E+07 7 7.0000 8.0414
Venus 1.10E+08 8 8.0414 7.0000
Pluto 2.30E+08 9 8.3617 6.0000
7.80E+08 10 8.8921 5.0000
1.40E+09 11 9.1461 4.0000
2.80E+09 12 9.4472 3.0000
4.50E+09 13 9.6532 2.0000
6.00E+09 14 9.7782 1.0000

The mass and the speed of the planet will permit to find an equilibrium point and it becomes a satellite to the sun. Small planets are far…

The gravitational force in this graphic represents the net total force when we add opposite forces. Depending on its speed, the planet finds the distance away where the force towards the sun equals its centripetal force.

Einstein seem to have a vague idea of that gravity well and tried to explain it with his theory of space time curvature. Space is not curved but its different density will influence objects towards the sun as if it was “curved’ inward.

Following the equation (F = Gmm/dd) there is a possibility to have planets between the sun and Mercury if the speed is big enough. There is no such planet there. This is because of the gravity well described here. A planet closer to the sun would be pushed away by sun radiation of gravity.

This also explains why most comets do not fall into the sun as they should because of the pressure of the gravity emitted by the sun. It will push the comet’s tail away from the sun.

Mesure de la force de gravité par kg sur terre venant de l’espace

Mesure de la force de gravité par kg sur terre venant de l’espace

Dans la théorie de la gravité comme étant une poussée et non pas une attraction, cela signifie que la terre est poussée vers le soleil par la gravité venant de toutes les directions de l’espace.

Comme une partie de la gravité derrière le soleil est bloquée par le soleil, la force de gravité est plus petite dans l’axe soleil-terre. On peut calculer la force qui pousse la terre vers le soleil.

Ensuite on calcule la fraction bloquée par le soleil comparée à la gravité venant de partout de l’espace.

Pour mieux visualiser cela, on utilise deux bulles dont le rayon est la distance entre le soleil et la terre. Ce dessin en 3 dimension aide à le comprendre. La terre est en bleu dans la bulle de gauche, le soleil est en rouge dans la bulle de droite.

soleil terre b

Le rayon est de 1.50 x10+11 m. La surface de la bulle est de 4 pi r2. donc = 2.8 x10 +23 m2.

La force de gravité qui pousse la terre vers le soleil est de G mm/d2.

La masse de la terre est environ 5.97E x10+24 Newtons.

La masse du soleil  est environ 1.99  x10+30 Newtons.

F = (6.67 x10-11  * 1.99  x10+30 * 5.97 x10+24) /(1.50 x10+11  * 1.50 x10+11) = 3.54 x10+22 N

Cela représente une force de 5.93 x10-3 Newtons par kg sur terre et cela pousse la terre vers le soleil.

Mais cela est aussi égale à la force bloquée par le soleil venant derrière le soleil.

Le disque du soleil est de 6.08 x10+18 m carré et bloque la gravité spatiale derrière lui.

Vu de la terre, ce disque est 2 x plus grand sur la bulle, côté opposé.( disque violet de l’autre côté de la bulle du soleil)

Cela est une fraction de la surface de la bulle. La fraction est de 3.11 x10-14  / 1

La force totale peut être calculée comme ceci:

(5.93 x10-3) / (3.11 x10-14 )=  y /1  = 1.9 x10+11 N /kg

La gravité de l’espace pousse dans chacune des 3 axes avec une force de 1.9 x10+11 N sur chaque kg de matière. On peut arrondir cela à 2 x10+11 Newton par kg.

On peut dire 0.2 millions de millions de Newton par kilogramme de matière.

Si on pouvait bloquer toute la gravité sur un côté d’un kilogramme, il serait poussé avec cette force en direction opposée. On pourrait ainsi utiliser la force de gravité pour nos besoins sur terre…

Comme la masse d’un nucléon est d’environ 1.67 x10-27 Kg, il y en a environ 5.98 x1026 nucléon dans 1 kg.

Donc la force sur un nucléon est d’environ 1.9 x10+11  / 5.98 x1026  = 3.2 x10-16 N par nucléon.

Cette force arrive de l’espace de tous les côtés et si on les réunis en 6 vecteurs pour  visualiser en 3 d, les vecteurs s’opposent pour totaliser une force de 0 dans tous les sens.

Cette force est probablement ce qui permet au proton, un système contenant des milliards de parties, de demeurer presque stable car les interactions avec ce qui arrive et ce qui part lui permette d’être presqu’une sphère, d’après certains scientifiques.

N.B. Chaque vecteur sur le dessin représente la somme de tous les vecteurs ayant une composante dans cette direction. Voir la théorie des vecteurs pour mieux comprendre.

 

nucleon et forces

gravity: region, not a field

GRAVITY: FIELD OR REGION

Gravity is not a field in the sense used by Maxwell. It is a region where some entities are moving in strait line at speed of light. This is the best explanation for the experimental results obtained in 2017.

 Apparatus used: A mirror box was built about one cubic feet. Mirrors were placed in the box to obtain a concentrated horizontal beam of light. The source of light was ten 8000 lumen LED cooled by water. A 100 g mass was placed under the box in the middle of a lever and one end of the lever was resting on the platen of a balance. The other end was resting on a knife edge.

When the light was activated, the loss of weight was recorded with a web camera.

1 beam

The front side of the box is omitted to see the two grey mirrors. The yellow light beam is horizontal and is reflected upward and leaves the box as shown by the blue arrow. The left drawing is the controls for the LEDS.

After 12 minutes, the object lost 0.15% of its weight. If the experiment could last for about 666 hrs, it might have been weightless.

The box was then modified with small mirrors in order to have the light beam reflected horizontally back and forth 15 times. It then was reflected to joins the incoming light beam.

boite 15 reflets

The front side of the box is omitted to see the grey mirrors.

The light from the 10 LEDS is reflected by the mirrors and stays in the box.

A 100 g mass was placed under the box in the middle of a lever and one end of the lever was resting on the platen of a balance. The other end was resting on a knife edge.

When the light was activated, the loss of weight was recorded with a web camera. The object lost 0.0124% of its weight after 60 minutes. That would be about 0.00248 %in 12 minutes.

RESULTS OF THE EXPERIMENT:

The hypothesis behind that experiment was that each horizontal light beam would block some of the gravity coming from space above and the 100 g mass under the box would loose some weight. Each horizontal light beam would contribute to increase the blocking effect, compare to only one light beam. The 100 g mass should loose more weight with multiple light beams.

The effect was the complete opposite. The 100 g mass lost over 60 times more weight when there was only one light beam over it.

CONCLUSION: If gravity inside the box was a kind of a field, then those results are impossible. If the energy of light was changing the amount of field of gravity, in the first experiment, the energy in the box was way less than the energy in the second experiment where the light was all contained in the box. That means simply that it is not the energy from the light that changes the amount of gravity blocked by light.

POSSIBLE EXPLANATION:

All nucleons in universe are always in motion relatively to ‘static’ space.

If gravity is emitted by every nucleon in universe, that would fill space with the entities that make gravity. These would always travel at speed of light, going in all directions. They would interact with every nucleon by becoming part of the nucleon; when more are coming from one side of the nucleon, the whole nucleon system is reassemble a little farther. An observer will say it has moved because it was pushed. This effect is not a pushing force like a billiard ball hitting another because the incoming gravity is now part of the moving nucleon system. That nucleon as a system will continue to emit gravity and thus remains almost the same as before. The added difference is a movement in a certain direction caused by incoming gravity that was more dense in one side of the nucleon compared to the other side. The pushing effect is always caused by the difference between opposite forces of gravity.

The 100 g mass receives those entities from every directions of space and these interact with each nucleon in the mass. Since the light beams blocks some of these entities coming down, the net total force from the gravity coming from below will be directed upward. That would explain the loss of weight.

With only one beam going horizontally, there is a small percentage of the entities going down that are pushed aside and not reaching the 100 g mass. The net force is lower and the weight diminish.

When multiple horizontal beams are going back and forth in the mirror box, the entities are pushed in one direction by one beam and pushed back in the original path by the next beam of light going in the opposite direction. Each odd beam cancels the effect of each even beam. Since there is a loss of light at each reflection on the mirrors, the first bottom horizontal beam is stronger than each next one and there is a small effect on the weight of the 100 g mass.

 

ENTITIES of gravity. I did not use the term graviton here because the word graviton is used in physic with some properties assign to it that do not correspond to the properties of the entities that are the cause of the gravitational effect. It is more appropriate to use the term region of gravity that field of gravity.

These entities resemble what Michelini named miro quanta in his paper.

 

(Major Gravitational Phenomena Explained by the Micro-Quanta …

www.ptep-online.com/2010/PP-20-L7.PDF )

 

It seems that these cannot have frequency as Michelini suggest because each one is unique and going at speed of light. To have frequency, we need at least 3 such things. The energy associated to each one appears only when it interact with one another. The interaction causes only a change of direction, not a change of speed which remains the speed of light.

 

When an intense beam of high frequency light passes through a thin sheet of heavy metal, something gets organised in a stable system called electrons and positrons. At higher frequency, it becomes nucleons and when enough of them in the system nucleon change direction, the nucleon changes its velocity. That is the origin of what we call its energy when nucleons interact with other nucleons.

 

Some scientists use the term wave to describe gravity because a wave represents a kind of movement. What I envisaged is more like a rain of something but that rain is coming from all directions, not only from above.

 

A small program does show small entities going in all directions and bouncing on one another, at always the same speed. The movement is slow compared to the real speed of light to be enable to see that movement. The program shows only in 2 dimensions and only in 6 axis.