GRAVITY AND PHYSICS FACTS, NOT FANTASSY by Louis Rancourt
Why this document?
We realize there is no consensus in science about physic theories and gravity is still not very well explained.
Some theories resemble the alchemist’s theories because they do not stick to facts but are pure fantasies of the authors. Theories should explained facts and one should not reject a fact because it does not fit his theory. We will look at facts and try to find what theories are more sensible.
Remember that people believed that the sun was revolving around the earth because it look like that; it take a certain time to observe more facts and to realize earth was revolving and turning on its axis.
We will first examine properties of light.
We will show how light can interact with gravity.
These two experimental results suggest an answer to what is the real nature of gravity.
Some properties of light.
– When a metal is heated enough, it gives up visible light.
– Light seems to be able to pass through some substance and reflected by some objects.
– Light seems to go very fast.
– Light is transformed in electrons when passing through heavy atoms.
– An electron joining a positron reverts to light.
– Some nuclei break up and send light; the atomic bomb was a good example.
– Calcite crystal can block some light and send two different polarized beams.
– Non visible light called radio waves are produced by electrons moving up and down along an antenna.
– Light can go in vacuum without a medium to carry it.
– Light has a frequency and its density varies at that frequency.
Sources of light:
All light frequencies are not visible to human eye. Some insects can see light that we do not observe. Frequencies can vary from almost nothing to very high, about 1022 cycles per seconds.
If we make light at a low frequency, 60 cycles per second, a detector will sense that light. By rubbing a comb in hair, electrons accumulate on the comb; if we move the comb back and forth, light of that frequency is produced by the changing intensity of the electric field around the comb. If we put a book between the comb and the sensor, light is not sensed anymore; it seems to travel in a straight line from the comb to the sensor. If a book can stop light, it probably originates from the charged comb. Some might think that the electrons in surplus in the comb are going to the sensor. But the sensor can feel the change at a distance of 3 meters; for electrons to jump 3 meters in air, we would need millions of volts and the comb would kill you first.
So, what is going from the comb to the sensor? Some call it photons but that definition is not clear as we will see latter.
Light is always produced by something having an electric charge and moving in space periodically. A stationary object does not produce a changing electric field. It can send infrared light because its atoms are not stationary but are vibrating all the time.
Nature of light
Light is sometime called an electromagnetic wave. We should not compare light to a sound wave or a water wave because it is not a disturbance in a medium such as air or water but something going fast from the source to the detector. Since the comb has no magnetic properties and it produces light, we realize the term magnetic should be avoided to describe light.
Some drawings help to visualize a changing electric field.
First, a charged stationary comb will send something in all directions at the speed of light but there is no frequency yet. If the comb is moved to the right, the density of what it is sending is higher to the right, in front of the moving comb and is lower behind the comb.
Fig. 1 emissions from a point source
Top, left: emissions from a stationary object.
Top right: emissions from an object moving at same speed toward right.
Bottom: emissions from an object moving back and forth.
If the charged object moves back and forth, the intensity varies at the same frequency as it is going in all directions. It looks like a wave and has some wave properties like frequency and distance between each high density. But it is not a disturbance of a medium because it goes also in pure void.
A moving object that sends light does not push on the light it is sending. A moving riffle sending bullets pushes on the bullet. Why is that? It seems that light in the object was already moving at that speed and it just continue outside the object. In fact, objects that seem solid are really made of atoms and these atoms are complex systems themselves that were made when light was changed into a system called electron, proton or neutron. This is explained latter.
Light seems to be simply made of something emitted by matter in a series of alternating density. That is the origin of the frequency detected by sensors. What is emitted by matter then? Matter can only emit matter. That suggest light is also matter or that matter is made of the same entities as light. These entities going at speed c in void space can be organized in different ways. If they are emitted from a point source, the resulting pattern would look like on fig.1 but in 3 dimensions.
N.B. c is the speed of light, about 3×108 m/s
If they are emitted by a non vibrating source, as a charged comb would do, they do not have a frequency pattern but a continuous density that decreases with the distance squared.
If they are emitted like a single bundle, as when the nucleus splits into many parts, they are called neutrinos. That is why neutrinos travel at speed c and have no frequency.
If they are emitted by neutral objects in a continuous flow, they are what causes gravity as we will explain now.
A series of experiments clearly show that light can act on what causes an object to affect another object with what is called gravitational force. Those results were published.
– Effect of light on gravitational attraction, by Louis Rancourt, Physic Essays 24,4(2011)
– Further Experiments Demonstrating the Effect of Light on Gravitation
Louis Rancourt, Philip J. Tattersall Applied Physics Research www.ccsenet.org/apr Vol. 7, No. 4, August 2015 issue.
– a few years latter, an independent scientist in Prague discovered the same effect without knowing it was already published. We communicated together and Libor published his results under
Experimental verification of electromagnetic-gravity effect: Weighing light and heat
by Libor Neumann, PHYSICS ESSAYS 30, 2 (2017)
In summary, when an intense flat beam of light passes near an object, the object is pushed toward the beam of light.
If light is over an object, the object becomes lighter.
If light is under the object, the object becomes heavier.
If the small object is close to a big cylindrical laser beam, the object is pushed toward the beam, goes in the centre of the beam and does not escape. This is the principle behind what is called laser tweezers. That effect has been observed when the first laser beams were produced but it was thought that the dust particles going in the middle of the beam were obeying the laws of electrostatic repulsion.
Some measurements were also made to find that gravity can bend light rays and is the cause of the lensing effect in astronomy.
Gravity and light interact with one another, that is a proven fact. Why?
A possible logical explanation is that this: the entities making light are the same entities making gravity. That could explain the possibilities of those interactions. One has to find the properties of these entities.
Experiments show that light can be made to become electrons, positrons, protons, if the frequency is high enough. Those electrons, positrons, protons can be reverted back into light. That clearly shows that these entities can appear in different configurations. If they are arranged to form a complex stable system, they are the electrons or the protons. If they travel in periodical layers of varying density, we call it em waves. If they travel as radiating from a unique source, we call it electric field and the intensity decreases with the distance square. If it travels in all directions of space, we call it gravity.
Gravity seems to be simply the vast amount of these entities emitted by matter in universe and going in all directions. The actual interactions of that gravity with matter is noticeable only if there is more interactions coming from one direction. If the interactions are the same from all directions, the object does not feel a pushing force in one direction and continues at the same velocity. If one side receives more interactions, the velocity of matter changes. A change of velocity is called acceleration. This is measured as energy where the amount of joules equals the mass times velocity squared times one half.
The big question is how this gravity interact with matter. Let us recall that atoms are made of these entities also. That is a clear sign that electrons, protons and neutrons are very complex systems made of a very very great number of these entities always going at speed c relative to fix space. Since the size of these electrons, protons and neutrons if small compared to us, it is difficult to imagine these entities going ‘inside’ at speed c. The easiest way to visualise that is to realise the size of these entities compare to the size of the system is like the size of stars compared to whole universe. For an entity to travel from one side of the electron to the other side, it takes a long time compared to its size.
When gravity interact with a proton, it does not push on the proton. It cannot push on a system because the proton is not like a billiard ball with a hard surface. The proton is a complex system made of these entities going at speed c, always. It is important to visualise an entity going at speed c in the proton and the proton going at a certain speed also. That means the relative speed of the entity compared to the proton is lower than c and the total relative speed compared to fix space is always c. When the entity interacts with the proton, it becomes part of the proton system. When more entities interact on one side of the proton, the proton system is rearranged at a different location in space as if it was pushed in one direction. It is not a pushing force as we see in macroscopic events but a rearrangement of the system proton further in space.
Really, gravity is not a pushing nor an attracting force but an interaction with matter changing the system so that it is reorganised further in space as if it was pushed.
What are those entities we are writing about? They are not what is now called gravitons or photons. The photon is the needed amount of these entities having a density varying periodically and being enough to activate a photon sensor. Gravitons is a concept used to explain some facts about gravity. The properties given to the graviton do not correspond to the properties of these entities.
Maurizio Michelini uses the name micro quanta for these entities but he adds some properties that are not needed. See https://www.researchgate.net/publication/237742598_A_Flux_of_Micro_Quanta_Explains_Relativistic_Mechanics_and_the_Gravitational_Interaction by Maurizio Michelini.
The 4 basic properties of these small quanta are very simple: they are not made of other things even smaller, they have no dimension but have an interaction zone equal to the short length of Planck, about 1.6 × 10−35 m. As they are the ultimate smaller entities and have no dimensions, they are recreated continually a little beside their current position so that they seem to go at the speed of light.
Since these last sub-quanta have no mass or frequency, only being and a velocity of about 3 x 108 m / s, they have no energy in the known sense in physics. Energy is only a concept that applies to interacting systems; really, energy is summed up either with E = mc2 or E = hf or E = QV. Really one should remove the E and say simply that in the interactions, one can have this: mc2 = hf = QV. The other formulas are contained in these. Last sub quanta have no electric charge because charge is a property of a system just like the mass.